About Fazlur Rahman Khan:
Dr. Fazlur Rahman Khan had been a distinguished structural engineer who invented a tubular structural system within the ‘60s that enabled the building of tremendous tall buildings effectively and economically. The cylindrical framework created by him upset the advancement of tall structures which have been in some other case viewed as impractical to collect right now. Dr. Khan was born on third April 1929 in Dhaka. He studied civil engineering at Bengal Engineering and Science College, Shibpur, India (presently Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Expertise, Shibpur).
Because of the communal riot of 1950, he was compelled to return to Dhaka and was admitted to the Ahsanullah Engineering School (AEC) from the place he earned his bachelor’s in civil engineering in 1950. He served as a lecturer within the Division of Civil Engineering of AEC until 1952.
He at that point went to the College of Illinois at Urbana-Champagne, the USA on a Pakistani Govt. what’s more, on a Fulbright Scholarship and acquired two bosses’ and a Ph.D. confirmation in 1955. The talented calling of Dr. FR Khan started when he joined counseling office Skidmore, Owings, and Merril (SOM) in 1955. In 1957, he got back to East Pakistan (presently Bangladesh) to meet his grant commitments. He returned to the USA in 1960 and joined SOM once more and have become an accomplice of SOM in 1966.
Childhood & Early Life:
Fazlur Rahman Khan was brought into the world on April 3, 1929, within the Bengal Presidency of British India, which finally turned East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) to Abdur Rahman Khan, a high-school arithmetic trainer and textbook creator. Khan’s father later turned the director of public instruction in Bengal. Khan spent his childhood within the Bhandarikandii village of the Faridpur district in Bangladesh. He later attended the ‘Armanitola Authorities Excessive Faculty’ in Dhaka.
Following his civil engineering research on the ‘Bengal Engineering and Science College,’ Shibpur, Calcutta (now Kolkata, India), he graduated with a Bachelor of Civil Engineering diploma from the ‘Ahsanullah Engineering School’ of the ‘College of Dhaka’ in 1950.
After working as an assistant engineer for the native freeway division and serving as a professor at the ‘College of Dhaka,’ in 1952, Khan was granted the American ‘Fulbright’ scholarship and a Pakistani scholarship to the ‘College of Illinois’ in Chicago.
Three years, Khan graduated with two grasp’s levels: one in structural engineering and the opposite in theoretical and utilized mechanics. Moreover, he accomplished his Ph.D. in structural engineering. His thesis targeted the design norms for rectangular prestressed concrete beams.
In 1967, Khan’s architectural excellence earned him a nomination for U.S. citizenship. He was granted citizenship at the identical 12 months.
Khan briefly returned to Pakistan, the place he was provided the highest position of govt engineer of the ‘Karachi Growth Authority.’ Sadly, he was distraught with the constraints of the job because it restricted his engineering competency. Annoyed, Khan returned to the U.S. and commenced working with the esteemed architectural and engineering agency named ‘Skidmore, Owings & Merrill’ (SOM) in Chicago in 1955. In 1966, he grew to become an associate of the agency, which he held till his loss of life.
In 1963, his framed tube structural system started gaining prominence and was significantly utilized in skyscraper designing and development. The plan was used first to construct ‘The DeWitt–Chestnut Residences,’ planned by Fazlur Rahman Khan and raised in Chicago in 1963.
Khan’s worldwide type of contemporary structure earned him worldwide recognition and was considered one of many most interesting. His subsequent notable development was the 100-story ‘John Hancock Middle’ (which started in 1965 and was accomplished in 1969) in Chicago, a structural masterpiece integrating the ground-breaking idea of his trussed tube system (by making use of X-bracing to the outside of the tube). Khan and his associate Bruce Graham labored collectively on its main design.
The ‘John Hancock Middle’ additionally included Khan’s first-ever sky foyer.
His subsequent structural marvel was the 110-story ‘Sears Tower’ (1973), the tallest construction on the earth from 1973 to 1998. It was Khan’s first skyscraper to make use of his bundled tube structural system. One other structure to make use of this method was the ‘One Magnificent Mile’ (accomplished in 1983). Two of his different structural marvels are the ‘Hajj Terminal’ of the ‘King Abdul Aziz Worldwide Airport’ (1976–1981) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and the ‘King Abdul Aziz College.’ Accomplished in 1977–1978, the previous consists of tent-like roofs folded up when not in use. Khan acquired many awards and the ‘Aga Khan Award for Structure,’ for designing this marvel.
He additionally designed the ‘Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome Stadium’ in Minneapolis and the ‘Baxter Travenol Laboratories’ (together with Bruce Graham) in Deerfield, Illinois. The latter shows a jaw-dropping roof sus¬pended from cables. His different main engineering proj¬ects have been the photovoltaic telescope on the ‘Kitt Peak,’ Arizona (designed by Myron Goldsmith), the ‘United States Air Pressure Academy’ in Colorado Springs (designed by Walter Netsch), and the ‘U.S. Financial institution Middle’ in Milwaukee.
Moreover, Khan actively participated in some professional organizations. In 1973, he was named to the ‘Nationwide Academy of Engineering.’ He additionally served because as the vice-chairman of the ‘Worldwide Council on Tall Buildings and City Habitat’ from 1976 to 1979. He later grew to become the chairman of the group and continued serving until his loss of life.
Khan printed over 75 technical papers in numerous engineering and architectural journals. He served as an adjunct professor of structure at the ‘Illinois Institute of Expertise’ in Chicago from 1961 until his loss of life.
Awards & Honors:
Khan’s excellence within the area of structure and engineering was rewarded with quite a few awards and honors from numerous esteemed organizations, such because the ‘American Society of Civil Engineers’ (ASCE), the ‘American Welding Society,’ the ‘American Concrete Institute’ (ACI), and the ‘Worldwide Affiliation for Bridge and Structural Engineering.’
Among the notable awards received by him have been the ‘Wason Medal’ (1971), the ‘Thomas A. Middlebrooks Award’ (1972), the ‘Alfred Lindau Award’ (1973), the ‘Oscar Faber Medal’ (1973), the ‘Kimbrough Medal’ (1973), the ‘Worldwide Award of Benefit in Structural Engineering’ (1983), the ‘AIA Institute Honor for Distinguished Achievement’ (1983), the ‘John Parmer Award’ (1987), the ‘Ernest Howard Award’ (1997), the ‘Chica¬goan of the 12 months in Structure and Engineering’ (1970), the ‘Alumni Honor Award of the College of Illinois,’ the ‘State Service Award,’ and the ‘G. Brooks Earnest Award.’
Khan was featured on the checklist of the “Males Who Served the Finest Pursuits of the Development Business” in 1966, 1969, and 1971. ‘Engineering Information File’ named him “Development’s Man of the 12 months” in 1972. ‘Google’ commemorated his 88th birthday (on April 3, 2017) by dedicating a “Google doodle” to him.
Private Life & Loss of life:
Khan was married to Liselotte Khan, an Austrian immigrant. His daughter, Yasmin Khan (born in 1960), grew as much as to be a structural engineer and wrote the guide titled ‘Engineering Structure: The Imaginative and prescient of Fazlur R. Khan.’ Khan additionally had a stepson, Martin Reifschneider. Whereas on a trip in Jeddah, Khan had a large coronary heart assault. He died on March 27, 1982, at the age of 52. He was buried in Chicago.
Throughout the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation Struggle, Khan raised emergency funds for Bengali folks and established the Chicago-based group known as the ‘Bangladesh Emergency Welfare Enchantment.’ An avid music lover, the Khan cherished singing Rabindranath Tagore’s songs.
Many of the buildings over 40 tales erected because the 1960s have deployed Khan’s tube design. His tube-in-tube system was prominently used within the ‘One Shell Plaza’ and the ‘Petronas Towers.’
Khan’s outrigger and belt truss system have been used within the development of the ‘BHP Home’ (renamed ‘140 William Avenue’), the ‘First Wisconsin Middle’ (renamed ‘U.S. Financial institution Middle’), and the ‘Shanghai World Monetary Middle.’ His tube is featured prominently within the ‘Ontario Middle,’ Chicago; the ‘Citigroup Middle,’ New York; and the ‘Financial institution of China Tower,’ Hong Kong.
His thought of sky lobbies for area administration has been used within the development of a few of the world’s esteemed buildings, such because the ‘World Commerce Middle’; the ‘Petronas Twin Towers,’ Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (1998); ‘Taipei 101,’ Taiwan (2004); and the ‘Burj Khalifa,’ United Arab Emirates (2010).
Biography and Wiki
|Biography and Wiki|
|Full Name||Fazlur Rahman Khan|
|Birthday||April 3, 1929|
|Died At Age||52|
|Famous As||Civil Engineer, Architect|
|Died On||March 27, 1982|
|Place Of Death||Jeddah, Saudi Arabia|
Family and Relatives
|Family and Relatives|
|Father||Abdur Rahman Khan|
|Siblings||Imar Rahman Khan, Masuda Khan, Zillur Rahman Khan|
|Children||Yasmin Sabina Khan|